The labeling laws are different for items that ARE consumer commodities than items that are NOT consumer commodities. Knowing if a product is classed as a consumer commodity will help you determine if certain laws or regulations apply or not.
Directly from the Law:
The term consumer commodity means … any food, drug, device, or cosmetic, … and any other article, product, or commodity of any kind or class which is customarily produced or distributed for sale through retail sales agencies or instrumentalities for consumption by individuals, or use by individuals for purposes of personal care or in the performance of services ordinarily rendered within the household, and which usually is consumed or expended in the course of such consumption or use.
15 USC 1459(a)
In other words, a consumer commodity is something that a person (the consumer) purchases in a store on online (retail) to be used at home or personnally, and which is normally used up (consumed).
However, if you buy something retail for use in the home or for personal use but it’s not used up, then it is generally not a consumer commodity.
Examples of a consumer commodities:
Why is it important?
The labeling of consumer commodities is covered by the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (FPLA). The FDA created regulations to implement the FPLA for food, drugs and cosmetics and the Federal Trade Commission created created regulations to implement the FPLA for all other consumer commodities.
If it’s a consumer commodity, the labeling must comply with the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act.